On the journey to Mordor food is more to Frodo, Sam and Gollum than taking in sufficient energy to accomplish another day’s march. It is a sign that connects them to or separates them from the ground of their being and which unites or divides them from one another. Lembas, the waybread of the Elves given to them when they left Lothlorien, is all that Frodo and Sam have to eat as they pass through the barren lands to the north of the border of Mordor, through the Dead Marshes and then the desolation that is the land before the Morannon, the Black Gate of Mordor. They may wish for some variety in their diet but they are profoundly nourished by this food of the Elves. Not only does it sustain them upon each weary day but it also has a virtue that gives them courage and hope.
But not so, Gollum. When Frodo offers him some of the scant supply that he has of Lembas we are told that “Gollum sniffed at the leaf and his face changed: a spasm of disgust came over it, and a hint of his old malice.” Gollum can smell the leaves of the Elven lands and the smell is to him a foul stench that speaks of enmity, judgement and of imprisonment. The very food that has such virtue to the hobbits is vicious to him. “He spat, and a fit of coughing took him.”
Lembas reminds us of ancient symbols, of the manna in the wilderness that sustained the children of Israel through their forty year sojourn in the wilderness before they entered the Promised Land, and of the bread of the Eucharist in the Christian tradition that is a waybread to those who look to it for sustenance. In the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England the Minister seeks to remind his hearers of the nature of the food that is offered to them at the holy table.
“It is our duty to render most humble and hearty thanks to Almighty God, our heavenly Father, for that he hath given his Son our Saviour Jesus Christ, not only to die for us, but also to be our spiritual food and sustenance in that holy Sacrament.”
So it is that the one who comes to receive the Sacrament is not only nourished but also profoundly connected to the deepest ground of their being. The one who eats it is linked to not only to that ground but also to all others that share the bread and the wine. It is a waybread for the journey and unites those who are sustained by it more profoundly than do ties of gender, family, sexuality, class, nationality or race. The Minister’s warning to those who are about to receive this food tells us that we cannot allow anything to divide us from each other or else we take it unworthily and so do ourselves harm.
Frodo longs to heal the great divide that lies between himself and Gollum but he cannot. For this to happen Gollum would have to come and “Open his Grief” as the Prayer Book puts it. He would have to weep for the murder of Déagol, his closest friend from whom he took the Ring. He would have to give up the fiction of the birthday present withheld by Déagol that he has long cherished to justify his crime. He would have to acknowledge his utter wretchedness. He would have to long for healing, maybe even for death. He would have to give up the Ring and join Frodo and Sam in their wish to destroy it and all the evil that it has the power to do.
“I think this food would do you good, if you would try,” says Frodo. “But perhaps you can’t even try, not yet anyway.”
9 thoughts on “Let Him Come and Open His Grief”
A very nice post, thank you. And what a beautiful line to end on – so full of empathy and mercy.
Thank you for your comment. Frodo will not give up on Gollum.
Gollum’s story is so very tragic to me. Tolkien walks a careful line with him, maintaining that there IS hope for Gollum, but that he must make a difficult, even nearly impossible, turn. The outcome is all the more heartbreaking for its realism.
I just read my original posting again and feel that Frodo MUST continue to hope. I really don’t blame Sam for not doing so and in the book Frodo does not blame him either. Sam’s whole identity is based upon seeing himself as the loyal servant who will go with Frodo until the end even unto death and Gollum represents everything that challenges that identity. But Frodo must listen to a different voice and that is Gandalf’s at the fireside at Bag End.
Yes. All the moreso because he knows that Gollum is his own shadow, what could be in store for him if he gives in. This gives the final event in Orodruin a highly symbolic tinge, I think.
You mean that he does give in and without Gollum he would have been lost?
I think so. I don’t know how the showdown between Frodo and Sam would have gone, but I doubt it would have been good, what with the ring fighting for its very existence.
The struggle between Gollum and Frodo is an image, I think, of the struggle going on within Frodo up to that point. And Gollum’s death, while clutching his Precious, is the symbol of the death of that nature in Frodo. Frodo’s been split, and will feel the effects of it, just as Bilbo does, but the shadow is dead. Better to cut off your ring finger than, with it, to be cast into Gehenna. 😉
Your reference to those words that Jesus spoke in relation to Frodo and his finger should cause us all to ponder.
It’s a verse that has always intimidated me, though I think I come closer to being at peace with it as I continue to try.