The Fellowship of the Ring by J.R.R Tolkien (Harper Collins 1991) pp. 234-236
Last week we thought about the story that Gloín of the Lonely Mountain brought to the Council of Elrond, of how the Messenger from Mordor had offered the friendship of Sauron and Rings of Power in return for news of hobbits. Gloín has come to Rivendell in order to warn Bilbo that the Dark Lord seeks for him and to seek counsel. How should they answer the Messenger when he returns before the ending of the year?
Elrond’s reply is courteous but blunt.
“You will hear today all that you need in order to understand the purposes of the Enemy. There is naught that you can do, other than to resist, with hope or without it.”
The theme chosen for this year’s Tolkien Reading Day which takes place every year upon the 25th March the date upon which the Ring went to the Fire and Sauron fell into nothingness is Hope and Courage. Those who have read The Lord of the Rings with care will know that Hope is a major theme throughout the story but that it is never addressed with anything like naive simplicity. In fact there is little naivety in Tolkien’s great tale. Those who do resist the Enemy do so with a clear eyed certainty that there is little chance that they will succeed.
When Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli decide to follow the orcs who have taken Merry and Pippin captive, Aragorn speaks for all three of them when he says: “With hope or without hope we will follow the trail of our enemies.”
Denethor of Gondor dismisses the mission of Frodo and Sam with contempt and fury. To him Frodo is nothing more than “a witless halfling” and the mission nothing more than “a fool’s hope”.
And here at the Council of Elrond Gloín is offered no more counsel than to resist, “with hope or without it”. In other words we can find no evidence that any of the major characters in the story have hope in the sense of “hoping for the best”, that general optimism that keeps us going even when we are at our lowest ebb. It is not that this kind of hopefulness has no value. It does give to those who manage to maintain it a cheerfulness and courage that might otherwise be lost. In The Lord of the Rings the characters who manage to maintain this kind of cheerfulness the best are Sam Gamgee and then Merry and Pippin and far from this quality being held with contempt by their companions it is generally appreciated. It keeps their friends from falling into despair. So it is that Théoden keeps Merry close by him on the journey between Isengard and Dunharrow and even Denethor is pleased to have Pippin close by as he awaits what he is convinced will be his end. And without Sam’s cheerfulness and optimism there is little doubt that Frodo would have got very far. And he acknowledges this himself. When Sam imagines Frodo’s story written in a book Frodo response is to laugh without restraint and then to say: “I want to hear more about Sam… Frodo wouldn’t have got far without Sam, would he?”
But in the end each character in the story has to give up hope in this optimistic sense, even Sam, but none of them give way to despair. Not one of them, even Boromir after his fall, gives death and darkness their hopeless triumph. Without hope they keep on going, their courage coming simply from a determination to maintain their loyalty to one another and to do the good. In this sense their hope lies, not in a sense that a particular set of events will win out over darkness but in a belief that the good, the beautiful and the true are worthy of the sacrifice of our lives even if in that sacrifice we do no more than to declare their worthiness in their destruction. And this belief is the greatest kind of hope of all.